SCOTT GRAFTON holds the Bedrosian-Coyne Presidential Chair in Neuroscience at the University of California in Santa Barbara. He is director of the UCSB Brain Imaging Center and co-director at the Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies, which draws on bio-inspiration and innovative bioengineering solutions for both non-medical and medical challenges posed by the defense and medical communities. He is internationally recognized for developing multimodal brain mapping techniques and investigations into the organization of the human motor system. He received his medical degree from the University of Southern California and specialty training in neurology and nuclear medicine. His 200 research publications draw on fMRI, magnetic stimulation and high density EEG to characterize the neural basis of goal-directed behaviour and mechanisms of brain plasticity using an approach that is grounded in his experience as a neurologist. He is an avid alpinist with many high-altitude ascents and wilderness meanderings.